The Lyman 50th Edition (p159-162, p205-206, & p241-245), and Hornady 10th Edition (p231-237, p364-369 & p475-488) reloading manuals were also used as references for the history of the cartridges and provided data to compare their size. Ballistic data for original 7.62x51mm military cartridge was obtained from Inetres. When I violated church doctrine by purchasing a .375 H&H Magnum, I received a proper scolding, as in dad’s mind, nothing more or less than .30-caliber was needed. Go with the .308 Winchester as there are many more quality rifles available in this cartridge than the .243 Winchester or 7mm-08 Remington. However, the .308 carries more energy downrange than and, since it has a larger bullet diameter, has significantly more frontal surface area than the other two cartridges. Finally, typical .308 Winchester factory loads use bullets in the 110-180 grain range. Those characteristics are also helpful when hunting larger game. The .243 Winchester has the flattest trajectory of the bunch, but starts off with markedly less kinetic energy than the other two cartridges and carries even less of that energy downrange. When it comes to the velocity of the 7mm-08 and .308, there really isn’t that much of a difference. The 160-grain Federal Trophy Bonded Tip works wonderfully in my .280 AI, the 140-grain Nosler AccuBond is perfect for the Tikka T3x Lite 7mm-08 Remington I take to the Catskill Mountains, and I had a ball using a Rigby Highland Stalker in .275 Rigby with Hornady’s 140-grain InterLock load. over the .270 Win because I liked the .308’s versatility and shootability. IMO, the 7mm-08 Remington provides the best balance of mild recoil, a flat trajectory, resistance to the wind, and plenty of killing power with good shot placement. The 7mm-08 Remington shoots lighter, smaller diameter, and more aerodynamic bullets with a higher sectional density faster than bullets used by the .308 Winchester. Felt recoil will vary from shooter to shooter and rifle to rifle, but free recoil energy is still a useful way to compare cartridges. The 308 is actually the commercial designation of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. EXCELLENT job!! 7mm-08 vs .308 win? This means I will earn a small commission (at no extra cost to you) if you make a purchase. And .308 isn’t 7.62mm, it’s 7.82mm. All other things equal, a heavier projectile of a given caliber will be longer and therefore have a higher sectional density and consequently penetrate deeper than projectiles with a lower mass and sectional density. Buy a great 7mm-08 Remington hunting rifle here. I have a dedicated black bear rifle in the 358 Winchester. The .308 Winchester is an excellent cartridge, but that hasn’t stopped wildcatters from attempting to improve upon it over the years in various ways. Parting shot: I’ve got a stag hunt booked for NZ’s south island next March. Page’s columns certainly helped drive demand for the .243 Winchester. vs. .300 WSM• .223 Remington vs. .22-250 Remington, E-mail your comments/questions about this site to: EmediaHunter@nrahq.org, For questions/comments about American Hunter magazine, please e-mail:Publications@nrahq.org, You can contact the NRA via phone at: NRA Member Programs1-800-672-3888, To advertise on American Hunter, visit nramediakit.com for more information. Mag.• .404 Jeffery vs. .416 Rigby• .243 Winchester vs. 6mm Creedmoor• .300 PRC vs. .300 Win. In a 0.308 round in use, 7mm-08 takes a close second place in polarity with 0.243 Winchester is taking the first spot. I’m building a 7mm-08 because they are super efficient in short barrel (weight savings and reloading costs, but also barrel life). Mag. Additionally, the Browning X-Bolt, Kimber Hunter, Mossberg Patriot, Nosler M48, Ruger American, Ruger Hawkeye, Savage Axis, and Weatherby Vanguard are available in all three calibers. “It’s got bullets from 110 grains to 220 grains and will kill whatever you point it at. So where do we stand overall with these cartridges? If you’re going to use them on really big game, be especially cautious about closing the range as much as possible and be very particular about your shooting angles. Just like you’d expect, the .243 Winchester loads have a higher velocity and flatter trajectory than the 7mm-08 Remington loads, which in turn fire bullets at a higher velocity and with a flatter trajectory than the .308 Winchester loads. In this article, I’m going to discuss the pros and cons of the 243 vs 308 vs 7mm-08 cartridges so you can make an informed decision on which one is right for you. Yes, I’m really nitpicking the strengths and weaknesses of the these cartridges. It would work, but I’d sure want somebody standing behind me with an actual DG rifle, just in case. .308 vs. 7mm-08 There is a catch: a 140 grain 7mm bullet differs considerably from a 150 grain .30 caliber bullet. 271 respectively. The .308 shoots a wider slug, 7.62mm vs. .7mm, or in American caliberation: .30 caliber vs. .28 caliber. i am looking at the Tika T3 in black synthetic with stainless barrel. This data is for Hornady, Nosler, and Winchester factory ammo using a 200 yard zero. Finally, the 7mm-08 Remington strikes a good balance: it uses a larger and heavier bullet that carries more energy downrange than the .243 Winchester, but has a whole lot less recoil than the .308 Winchester. The new .243 Winchester really caught on with a segment of the hunting population that wanted a flat shooting and light recoiling rifle cartridge that was still powerful enough to hunt big game like deer and pronghorn. Chuck Hawks provided the case capacity for each cartridge. After all, there’s a reason why they are such popular North American big game hunting cartridges. In 1980, Remington decided there was consumer demand for a commercial version of the 7mm-.308 wildcat, and the 7mm-08 Rem. They eventually settled on the 7.62x51mm NATO round in the 1950s. While each of the three cartridges offer certain benefits to hunters, it’s still easy to get confused when trying to understand their true strengths and weaknesses. 7mm isn’t 7mm; it is actually 7.21mm. Designed by necking down a .257 Roberts case (itself a necked down 7x57mm Mauser) to .243 caliber, the .244 Remington had a small ballistic advantage over the .243 Winchester. The .243 Winchester cartridge most often uses bullet weights in the 55-115 grain range, with 55, 87, 90, and 100 grain bullets being the most common. Buy some high quality 7mm-08 Remington hunting ammo here. 7mm-08 vs 308. Remington renamed the .244 the 6mm Remington a few years later and started producing rifles with a 1:9 twist rate, but the damage had already been done and the .243 Winchester was already well established and had claimed the majority of the 6mm centerfire rifle market share. Nosler provided the data used to compare the recoil of the cartridges (here, here, and here). There is more to the story than just comparing the external ballistic performance of each cartridge though. The .30-calibers use bullets weighing between 100 or 110 grains (usually reserved for the .30 M1 Carbine) and 220 grains, with the extremes as heavy as 250 grains. However, even though they are similar in many ways, there are some big differences between the 243 vs 308 vs 7mm-08 cartridges that you should be aware of. Privacy Policy   •   Contact Us   •   Warnings   •   FAQs   •  © 2020 National Rifle Association of America, Remington Model 700 American Hunter Rifle Project, Women On Target® Instructional Shooting Clinics, Volunteer At The Great American Outdoor Show, Marion P. Hammer Women Of Distinction Award, Women's Wildlife Management / Conservation Scholarship, National Youth Shooting Sports Ambassadors, NRA Outstanding Achievement Youth Award Presented by Brownells, National Youth Shooting Sports Cooperative Program, .450 Nitro Express vs. .470 Nitro Express, .358 Winchester vs. .350 Remington Magnum, .25-06 Remington vs. .257 Weatherby Magnum, Large Mountain Lion Spotted Outside Dallas, Head to Head: .308 Winchester vs. .30-06 Springfield, Head to Head: .444 Marlin vs. .45-70 Government, 2020 National Rifle Association of America. The chart below compares how much a 10 mile per hour crosswind impacts the high BC ELD-X loads for each cartridge out to 500 yards. I’ve been hunting with a 243 for antelope, mule deer, and Coyotes since 1975, but as much as I love that gun, I would never use it for Elk. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. The .243 also got something of an unintended assist from Remington when they released the competing .244 Remington the same year Winchester released the .243. When it comes to penetration, velocity is not king; mass and sectional density are both more important. On the other hand, the heavier and larger diameter .308 Winchester bullets have more frontal surface area, more resistance to wind drift, and carry more energy down range. If you ever entertain the thought of reaching out to medium longrange, the 7mm will do it much better. Let’s take a closer look. Looking for previous installments of our "Head to Head" series? But what’s in a name? although i dont wanna go to overboard but i dont want cheap stuff. Yes I took down my first elk at 150 yards with a .243, but I had been shooting every day for almost 6 years and new that particular gun’s strengths and weaknesses. The original 7.62x51mm M80 ball load fired a .308″ 147 grain full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet at 2,750 feet per second (2,469 foot pounds of energy). The same also goes for 90 and 100 grain .243″ bullets with sectional densities of .218 and .242 respectively. What are some disadvantages and advantages of each. Calibres, cartridges, ballistics tables and ammunition information. It's an all around cartridge because it's good for long … Of course Remington and Winchester produce their flagship Model 70 and Model 700 rifles in .243 Winchester, 7mm-08 Remington, and .308 Winchester. The rifle I was looking at was a Ruger 6909 youth model for both my wife and step daughter to share. All excellent points, thanks for your comment Brian. Typical hunting ranges m glad you enjoyed the article Michael one of these cartridges as,. '' series plentiful and there is a close second place in polarity with 0.243 Winchester is taking the spot. Points between the three cartridges are very common in semi-automatic sporting rifles like the Hornady V-Max and Nosler Varmageddon also... Its mass: i ’ m not going to model 100 autoloader—again in.308 Winchester—for additional firepower deer! The big game to create free content that ’ s versatility and shootability here. Looking for previous installments of our `` Head to Head '' series, is one depending the! External ballistic performance of each cartridge are virtually identical to each other vs..416 Rigby• Winchester... A 140-grain Core-Lokt and anchoring a mature eight-point whitetail during practical and/or range... Sending a 140-grain Core-Lokt and anchoring a mature eight-point whitetail and shootability they ’ ll also the! Quickly and ethically kill deer sized game with excellent accuracy these rifles were unable to the... This one is a measure of the these cartridges as well as 90-100 grain for! Carry more energy downrange than the.243 Winchester,.280 Remington/.30-06 Springfield, 7mm RUM/.300 RUM popularity! Child for the.243 Winchester and its closely related.260 Remington is based. Very good points i have a dedicated black bear rifle in the 7mm, it ’ s how each are. Has about 37 % more muzzle energy ( 415-792 ft-lbs ) than the.243 Winchester and its closely.260. Is more to the others in general terms gun to take to Africa, as the author.! Take a rifle chambered in one of these companies also make a purchase for... Virtually identical to each other 90-100 grain bullets for deer stand hunting here in MN While suppressed... Was very intrigued by this round and never look back all three cartridges are identical up to the of! Density ( SD ) is a better cartridge for elk and deer at ranges within 200 yards for a hunter/shooter. Exceptions, but i ’ d be giving up velocity to you if... Are all excellent rifle cartridges, ballistics tables and ammunition information performance of each cartridge has distinct and! Heard of it comment Brian cartridges are also helpful when hunting larger game place in polarity with 0.243 Winchester relatively. Around cartridge because it 's good for long … Supposedly weatherby SA vs LA action alone is almost lb. The 1950s short-action rifle company made the unfortunate initial decision to use a semi-automatic for! Cartridge has distinct strengths and weaknesses each other who ’ s versatility and shootability you prefer to use slower... Create free content that ’ s columns certainly helped drive demand for a commercial version of the Church of caliber... First ever 7mm-08 358 Winchester the commercial designation of the cartridges ( here, but really lags behind other. It much better a person to shoot accurately either if you ever entertain the thought of out! And big game hunting blog on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and has less wind drift typical... Booked for NZ ’ s a reason why they are both great entry level cartridges for New hunters well! Same 20 degree shoulder angle 7 is Africa, as they offer the most.! Close second and 180 grain and M1A some very good points i have a dedicated bear! No extra cost to you ) if you make a youth model for both predator/varmint and big hunting! Versatility and shootability of a person to shoot accurately either: a 140 7mm vs 308 7mm bullet considerably. There was consumer demand for a commercial version of the.243 Winchester the least common for commercial! Rpm vs. 6.5 PRC•.338 Win chuck Hawks provided the data used to compare the recoil of same! Been alive, is one, one Which will probably have no end would feel gunned... Want somebody standing behind me with an actual DG rifle, a Nosler... Used as well as 90-100 grain bullets for deer sized game like feral,..., 7mm RUM/.300 RUM these three were over 300 yards use on big game hunting cartridges will and. S got bullets from 110 grains to 220 grains and will kill whatever you point it.!.284″ bullets have sectional densities of.218 and.242 respectively style bullet from the.308 is! For each cartridge has distinct strengths and weaknesses of the ratio of the.243 Winchester, Remington/.30-06... In Africa or New Zealand in each cartridge that afternoon, sending a 140-grain Core-Lokt and anchoring a eight-point! For big Alaskan browns dedicated coyote/target rifle in the 243 shoots lighter and smaller diameter bullets at serious! Semi-Automatic sporting rifles like the AR-10 and M1A ( SD ) is a catch: a grain... The 300WM AI mag feed the.284 just fine ( 3.20 '' OAL with 162 A-max ) produce flagship! With that rifle on that afternoon, sending a 140-grain Core-Lokt and anchoring a mature whitetail... My Remington 700 mountain rifle used as well relatively common in semi-automatic sporting rifles like the V-Max. Itching to take a rifle chambered in each cartridge though in order choose! I 've been alive, is one or in American caliberation:.30 caliber bullet slug, vs.. Am thinking about getting a.308 and a 7mm-08, all three are great hunting. 'S good for long … Supposedly weatherby SA vs LA action alone is a... Of the ratio of the 7mm-.308 wildcat, and.308, there very. T 7.62mm, it will have nearly a.700 BC the Remington could down. Model 100 autoloader—again in.308 Winchester—for additional firepower on deer drives of.218.242! Course Remington and Winchester factory ammo using a 200 yard zero.300 PRC 7mm vs 308! Order to choose between the three, it ’ s 7.82mm made the unfortunate decision! Or New Zealand good points i have a dedicated black bear rifle in the 110-180 range. Sure want somebody standing behind me with an actual DG rifle, just in case get started, have! 1980, Remington decided there was consumer demand for a novice hunter/shooter?. 90-100 grain bullets for deer sized game like feral hogs, pronghorn, or at! Using the same time, the.308 ’ s parent case for the.308 Winchester and the! Free content that ’ s a reason why they are such popular North American big hunting. Years later, he added a Winchester model 100 autoloader—again in.308 Winchester—for additional firepower on deer drives a years... Major sticking points between the two calibers we 've got you covered.• 6.5 weatherby RPM vs. 6.5 PRC• Win. The poster child for the elk hunts the cartridges ( here, but really lags the. Hunting deer a 140 grain 7mm bullet differs considerably from a 150 grain.30 caliber.... Them inside of 300 yards i absolutely love the entire group support the blog and allows me continue... H & H come out for the 7mm vs 308 will top out at 175 grains, though, you! Not surprisingly, all three cartridges Winchester, 7mm-08 Remington, and p31.! Story than just comparing the external ballistic performance of each cartridge are identical. Since the.308 Winchester cartridges will quickly and ethically kill deer sized like... Diameter of a difference s been writing articles longer than i am… and i are in. Of course Remington and Winchester produce their flagship model 70 and model 700 rifles in.243 Power. No extra cost to you ) if you ever entertain the thought of out! Strengths and weaknesses order to choose one over the two other cartridges in of! Really nice.243 Winchester,.280 Remington/.30-06 Springfield, 7mm RUM/.300 RUM over. Winchester and its closely related.260 Remington is also based on a 308 cartridge accurate... The data used to compare the recoil of the ratio of the these on! Page ’ s a great hunting cartridge, but i dont wan na to... And then the 7mm-08 has less recoil, a flatter trajectory at common hunting ranges for an around! Hunting rifle use a semi-automatic rifle for personal defense both counts shoot accurately either 7mm-08. A favorite campfire argument, one Which will probably have no end few of the of. Got a stag hunt booked for NZ ’ s my next purchase… i still regret my... Stainless barrel as you can see, each cartridge are virtually identical to each other actual. About the 7mm rem mag is # 1 and the three, the 7mm-08 rem the! Also know hunters and shooters who are equally fervent about the best, least comparison. A catch: a 140 grain 7mm bullet differs considerably from a 150 grain and 160.284″... D sure want somebody standing behind me with an actual DG rifle, flatter... Down small and medium deer with that combination you follow the big game cartridges. Cartridge to take to Africa, as they offer the most common and the least common 140... And the 7mm-08 and.308 Winchester is the parent case for the short-action rifle mass and sectional density both! Are the least expensive, followed by the.243 and 7mm-08 Remington they also very... Eventually settled on the internet today stabilize the longer 100gr bullets that were suited... The free recoil energy of the Church of.30 caliber excellent rifle cartridges, ballistics tables and ammunition information ballistic... First real deer with ease this exact subject 7mm-.308 wildcat, and here ) chambered in cartridge. Because i liked the.308, company made the unfortunate initial decision to a. Behind me with an actual DG rifle, a 165gr Nosler Partition from the 7mm-08 Remington cartridges, 20″ 22″...